speaking, the term geomancy refers to an ancient form
of divination in which, simply put, handfuls of soil or
other materials were scattered on the ground, or markings
made in the earth or sand, to generate a range of dot
configurations which could then be "read" by a seer.
In the 19th century, however, geomancy came to be applied
to the Chinese practice of feng shui by which the location
and orientation of houses and tombs was determined with
close regard to the topography of the local landscape.
The feng shui master or geomant employed a circular magnetic
compass, called a luopan, which was marked off in rings
containing data relating to astrology, directions, the
elements, landscape forms, times of day, and so on. The
aim was to locate a site where the energies or ch'i of
the land and sky were brought into perfect balance. The
harmony of these energies ensured good fortune
The science of feng shui, literally "wind and water",
recognized that certain powerful currents and lines of
magnetism run invisible through the landscape over the
whole surface of the earth. The task of the geomancer
was to detect these currents and interpret their influences
on the land through which they passed.
These lines of magnetic force, known in China as the "dragon
current", or lung-mei, existed in two forms: the yin,
or negative, current represented by the white tiger, and
the yang, or positive, current, represented by the blue
dragon. The landscape will display both yin and yang features;
gently undulating country is yin, or female, while sharp
rocks and steep mountains are yang, or male.
In the 1960s, the ley lines discovered by Alfred Watkins
forty years earlier, came to be identified with the dragon
lines of Chinese feng shui. This gave a whole new meaning
to ley lines which now ceased to be simply straight tracks
but in fact mapped on the surface of the landscape lines
of energy coursing through the earth.
The presence of prehistoric sites - megalithic tombs,
stone circles, standing stones - along ley lines indicated
that these energy currents were known in prehistoric times
and that the sites did not merely mark the route but somehow
also tapped into this energy source. Frequently, important
prehistoric monuments occupy sites where two or
more ley lines intersect.